Can I Use A Terrarium Or Greenhouse For Mushroom Growing?

Have you ever wondered if you can use a terrarium or a greenhouse for growing mushrooms? Well, you’re in luck! In this article, we will explore the possibility of utilizing these enclosed spaces for cultivating your very own mushrooms. Join us as we delve into the world of mushroom growing and discover the potential of terrariums and greenhouses as the perfect environments for fostering these delightful fungi.

Can I Use A Terrarium Or Greenhouse For Mushroom Growing?

Terrarium vs Greenhouse

When it comes to growing mushrooms, both terrariums and greenhouses offer unique advantages and disadvantages. In order to choose the right option for your mushroom-growing endeavors, it’s essential to consider factors such as size, temperature control, humidity control, and your personal preferences. This comprehensive article will break down the pros and cons of each option, as well as provide step-by-step guides for setting up and maintaining a terrarium or greenhouse for mushroom cultivation.

Size and Space

One of the primary considerations when deciding between a terrarium and a greenhouse for mushroom growing is the available size and space. Terrariums are typically smaller in size, making them ideal for individuals with limited space or those looking to grow a small number of mushrooms. They can easily fit on a tabletop or countertop and require minimal space.

On the other hand, greenhouses offer much more space and are suitable for larger-scale mushroom cultivation. If you have a sizable backyard or a dedicated area for mushroom growing, a greenhouse may be the ideal choice. Greenhouses come in various sizes, allowing you to grow a significant number of mushrooms and even expand your operations in the future.

Temperature Control

Temperature control is crucial for successful mushroom cultivation, as different mushroom species thrive at specific temperature ranges. Both terrariums and greenhouses offer the ability to regulate temperature, but with varying degrees of control.

Terrariums provide excellent temperature control due to their smaller size and enclosed environment. You can easily maintain a stable temperature inside a terrarium by using heating mats, thermostats, or even small heaters during colder months. This allows you to create the ideal temperature conditions for your chosen mushroom species without much effort.

Greenhouses, on the other hand, offer a larger space to manage temperature. They rely on natural light and ventilation, which can make temperature control slightly more challenging. However, with the use of supplementary heating or cooling systems, such as fans, heaters, or shade cloths, you can create a favorable environment for mushroom growth inside a greenhouse.

Humidity Control

Humidity control is another critical factor for cultivating mushrooms since these fungi thrive in moist conditions. Both terrariums and greenhouses can provide the necessary humidity levels, but again, the level of control may differ.

Terrariums excel at humidity control due to their enclosed nature, which helps retain moisture within the confined space. By using a humidifier or misting system, you can easily maintain the required humidity levels for successful mushroom cultivation. This makes terrariums an excellent choice for species that prefer high humidity, such as oyster mushrooms or shiitake mushrooms.

Greenhouses, while not as enclosed as terrariums, can still offer satisfactory humidity control. The combination of natural ventilation and misting systems can help maintain the desired moisture levels, creating a suitable environment for most mushroom varieties. However, it’s essential to monitor the humidity regularly and adjust the misting frequency accordingly to prevent excessive moisture buildup or drying out.

Terrarium for Mushroom Growing


Terrariums are a fantastic option for mushroom growing, especially for beginners or those with limited space. They are compact, easily manageable, and provide an ideal environment for various mushroom species. Terrariums allow you to control temperature, humidity, and other factors crucial for successful cultivation, making them suitable for both experienced growers and novices.

Equipment Needed

Setting up a terrarium for mushroom growing requires minimal equipment. Here’s a list of essential items you’ll need:

  1. Glass or plastic enclosure: Choose a container that provides ample space for your mushroom grow bags or containers while allowing light to penetrate.

  2. Grow bags or containers: Use grow bags or containers specifically designed for mushroom cultivation, which provide the necessary substrate and mycelium.

  3. Substrate materials: Select a suitable substrate material based on the mushroom species you intend to grow. Common options include sawdust, straw, or a mix of various organic materials.

  4. Heating mat or small heater: To regulate temperature, consider using a heating mat or a small heater during colder months.

  5. Humidifier or misting system: Maintain optimal humidity levels by incorporating a humidifier or misting system within the terrarium.

  6. Light source: Depending on the mushroom species, you may need a light source to stimulate growth and development.

Steps for Setting Up a Terrarium

  1. Clean the terrarium: Thoroughly clean and sterilize the terrarium to remove any potential contaminants.

  2. Prepare the substrate: Follow the instructions specific to your chosen mushroom species to prepare the substrate. Sterilize or pasteurize the substrate material to eliminate any competing organisms.

  3. Fill grow bags or containers: Fill the grow bags or containers with the prepared substrate and mycelium. Make sure to leave enough headspace for the mushrooms to grow.

  4. Incubation: Place the filled grow bags or containers into the terrarium and place them on a heating mat or near a small heater to provide the necessary warmth for mycelium colonization.

  5. Humidity and light: Install a humidifier or misting system to maintain humidity levels, and provide appropriate lighting conditions based on your chosen mushroom species.

  6. Monitoring and maintenance: Regularly check the temperature, humidity, and overall growth progress. Make adjustments as needed to ensure ideal conditions for mushroom growth.

Maintenance and Care

Terrariums require regular maintenance and care to ensure optimal conditions for mushroom cultivation. Here are some essential maintenance tasks:

  1. Temperature monitoring: Continuously monitor the temperature inside the terrarium and adjust the heating mat or small heater accordingly to maintain the desired temperature range for your mushroom species.

  2. Humidity control: Regularly check the humidity levels and adjust the misting system or humidifier to prevent excessive dryness or moisture buildup.

  3. Light management: Keep track of the lighting conditions and ensure the mushrooms receive the appropriate amount of light based on their specific requirements.

  4. Ventilation: Maintain proper airflow within the terrarium by periodically opening the enclosure or using a small fan. This helps prevent the buildup of stale air and excessive carbon dioxide.

  5. Pest and disease prevention: Regularly inspect the terrarium for pests or signs of contamination. If necessary, take appropriate measures such as removing affected mushrooms or implementing pest control methods.

Can I Use A Terrarium Or Greenhouse For Mushroom Growing?

Greenhouse for Mushroom Growing


Greenhouses offer a different set of advantages for mushroom growing, primarily catering to individuals with ample space and a larger-scale cultivation vision. If you’re looking to grow mushrooms for commercial purposes or have a significant demand for mushroom production, a greenhouse can be an ideal option.

Equipment Needed

Setting up a greenhouse for mushroom cultivation requires more extensive equipment compared to a terrarium. Here’s what you’ll need:

  1. Greenhouse structure: Choose a suitable greenhouse structure based on the available space and your mushroom growing goals. Consider factors such as size, ventilation options, and durability.

  2. Grow beds or shelves: Install grow beds or shelves inside the greenhouse to provide a suitable growing area for mushrooms. These can be made from wood, metal, or other materials that can withstand moisture.

  3. Substrate materials: Select appropriate substrates depending on the mushroom species you plan to grow. Consider using options such as compost, supplemented sawdust, or straw.

  4. Heating and cooling systems: Install a heating system to ensure temperature control during colder months, and consider incorporating cooling fans or shades to maintain optimal conditions in hot weather.

  5. Irrigation system: Set up an irrigation system to ensure regular and controlled watering of the mushroom beds or shelves.

Steps for Setting Up a Greenhouse

  1. Prepare the greenhouse: Clean the greenhouse thoroughly and ensure proper ventilation. Install heating and cooling systems if necessary.

  2. Construct grow beds or shelves: Build or install grow beds or shelves inside the greenhouse, ensuring they are sturdy and able to handle the weight of the substrate and mushrooms.

  3. Prepare the substrate: Follow the instructions specific to your chosen mushroom species to prepare the substrate. Sterilize or pasteurize the substrate materials as needed.

  4. Fill grow beds or shelves: Fill the prepared substrate into the grow beds or shelves, ensuring an even distribution.

  5. Temperature and humidity control: Set up the heating and cooling systems to maintain the desired temperature range. Monitor humidity levels and make adjustments using misting or watering to create a suitable environment.

  6. Irrigation: Install an irrigation system to provide regular and controlled watering to the substrate and mushrooms.

  7. Lighting and ventilation: Ensure the greenhouse receives adequate natural or artificial light, and maintain proper airflow through ventilation systems or manual opening of vents.

  8. Monitoring and maintenance: Regularly monitor the temperature, humidity, watering, and overall growth progress. Make adjustments as necessary to optimize conditions for mushroom cultivation.

Maintenance and Care

Greenhouses require consistent maintenance and care to ensure optimal mushroom growth. Here are some essential maintenance tasks:

  1. Temperature regulation: Regularly monitor the temperature inside the greenhouse and adjust the heating or cooling systems as needed to maintain the ideal temperature range for your specific mushroom species.

  2. Humidity management: Keep an eye on the humidity levels within the greenhouse and make adjustments to the misting or watering systems to maintain the required moisture for mushroom growth.

  3. Irrigation control: Ensure the irrigation system is functioning correctly and delivering the necessary water to the substrate and mushrooms. Adjust the watering frequency and duration based on the moisture needs of your mushroom species.

  4. Ventilation and airflow: Regularly check the ventilation systems and ensure proper airflow within the greenhouse. Adjust the vents or fans to prevent the buildup of stagnant air or excessive carbon dioxide.

  5. Pest and disease prevention: Monitor the greenhouse for pests and signs of contamination regularly. Promptly address any issues by implementing pest control measures or removing affected mushrooms.

Can I Use A Terrarium Or Greenhouse For Mushroom Growing?

Comparing Terrarium and Greenhouse for Mushroom Growing

Advantages of Terrariums

  1. Compact size: Terrariums are ideal for individuals with limited space as they can be placed on a tabletop or countertop.

  2. Easy temperature control: Due to their smaller size, terrariums offer efficient temperature regulation, allowing you to create the perfect conditions for your mushrooms.

  3. Excellent humidity control: The enclosed environment of a terrarium enables precise humidity control, crucial for the successful cultivation of moisture-loving mushrooms.

  4. Suitable for beginners: Terrariums are often recommended for novice growers due to their simplicity and ease of maintenance.

Advantages of Greenhouses

  1. Ample space: Greenhouses provide more significant growing space, making them suitable for large-scale or commercial mushroom production.

  2. Flexibility and scalability: With a greenhouse, you have the flexibility to expand your mushroom-growing operations as your needs or demand increase.

  3. Natural light and ventilation: Greenhouses utilize natural light and ventilation, reducing the reliance on artificial lighting and allowing for a more sustainable growing environment.

  4. Suitable for a variety of mushroom species: Greenhouses can accommodate a wide range of mushroom species, providing versatility in your cultivation endeavors.

Disadvantages of Terrariums

  1. Limited capacity: Due to their smaller size, terrariums may not be suitable for individuals planning to grow a significant number of mushrooms.

  2. Limited scalability: Terrariums offer less room for expansion compared to greenhouses, making them less ideal for those with long-term or large-scale growing goals.

  3. Potential for higher maintenance: Terrariums require consistent monitoring and adjustments to ensure optimal temperature and humidity conditions.

Disadvantages of Greenhouses

  1. High upfront cost: Setting up a greenhouse can be a significant investment, with costs varying depending on the size, materials, and additional equipment required.

  2. Challenging temperature control: Maintaining consistent temperatures inside a greenhouse can be more challenging due to its larger size and reliance on natural ventilation.

  3. Higher energy consumption: Depending on the geographical location and climate, additional heating or cooling systems may be required in a greenhouse, leading to increased energy consumption.

Can I Use A Terrarium Or Greenhouse For Mushroom Growing?

Choosing the Right Option


  1. Space availability: Assess the available space you have for mushroom growing, and determine whether a compact terrarium or a greenhouse is a better fit.

  2. Growing goals: Consider your short-term and long-term growing goals. Are you planning to grow mushrooms for personal consumption or commercial purposes? This will influence the size and scalability requirements.

  3. Mushroom species: Research the specific mushroom species you wish to cultivate and evaluate their temperature, humidity, and light requirements. This will help determine which option can provide the most suitable conditions.

  4. Climate and environmental factors: Consider the local climate and environmental conditions. If you live in an area with extreme temperatures or high humidity, one option may be more favorable than the other.

Personal Preference

Ultimately, your personal preferences play a significant role in choosing between a terrarium and a greenhouse for mushroom growing. Consider factors such as the amount of time and effort you’re willing to invest in maintenance, as well as your aesthetic preferences.

Availability and Budget

Lastly, consider the availability of materials and your budget. Terrariums often require fewer resources, making them more budget-friendly for those starting on a smaller scale. Greenhouses, on the other hand, may involve higher upfront costs but offer long-term benefits and scalability.

Can I Use A Terrarium Or Greenhouse For Mushroom Growing?


In conclusion, both terrariums and greenhouses can be suitable options for mushroom growing, depending on your specific needs and preferences. Terrariums excel in providing compact spaces with excellent temperature and humidity control, making them ideal for beginners or those with limited space. Greenhouses offer larger growing areas and flexibility for future expansion, making them well-suited for larger-scale production or individuals with commercial goals. By considering factors such as space availability, growing goals, mushroom species, personal preferences, and budget, you can make an informed decision and embark on a successful mushroom cultivation journey.

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