Mushrooms are one of the most popular and delicious foods to be found in the world today. Mushrooms can be grown indoors or outdoors, and many people grow them as part of their hobby. There are over 300 species of mushrooms, but the three most commonly grown are the white button mushroom, the brown button mushroom, and the portobello. These are all grown commercially, and are used for both food and for medicinal purposes.
The first thing you should know about growing mushrooms is that they require some special nutrients. The best way to provide these nutrients is through the use of compost. Mushroom compost is made from a mixture of organic matter such as wood chips, straw, and other organic materials. You can buy mushroom compost at your local garden center, or you can make it yourself by mixing together sawdust, pine needles, and shredded newspaper.
You will also need a substrate, which is basically a bed of soil that is specially prepared to allow the mushroom to grow on it. If you live in an area with a lot of acid rain, you should add some lime to the substrate. This will help neutralize the acidity in the substrate, making it more suitable for the growth of mushrooms.
Mushroom compost should be kept moist, so you should water it every day or two. It is also important to keep the substrate warm. The ideal temperature for growing mushrooms is between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. A good rule of thumb is to keep the substrate at around 70 degrees, and then add a layer of mulch over the top of the substrate.
There are several different ways to grow mushrooms. You can use the substrate itself, or you can put the substrate into a bag and hang it in a warm, dark place. You can also put the substrate into a container and keep it in a warm room. Another method is to use a plastic sheet or cloth. Place this sheet or cloth over the substrate, and then cover it with another plastic sheet or cloth.
It takes about six weeks to grow mushrooms. During the first week, you will need to check the substrate daily to see if it is getting too wet. If it is, you can add more mulch to the substrate. When you see new growth, you can harvest the mushrooms. They are ready to pick when they have reached a diameter of 2 inches. You can use the mushrooms immediately, or you can freeze them.